Antwerp is situated in the northernmost region of Belgium. The Netherlands borders it on the north and France on the south.
The municipality is situated on the banks of the river Scheldt about 88km from the North Sea. In the early time, the city was mainly located on the right bank of the river on an alluvial plain. But since the start of the 21st century, it started expanding on the left side of the river. Today modern Antwerp measures 204.51km² (78.96 sq.mi.). Annexation continues even today, resulting in rising of the population over the years.
The encircling belt of the fortification wall has now been transformed into a network of national and international highways. Numerous tunnels connect the city's left bank with the right bank, but the city centre remains on the right bank. The primary domain of the city is the nonresidential seaport area. The city is expanding with the annexation of many villages and municipalities to make room for docks, industrial areas, and railway yards.
The citizens of Antwerp speak the Belgian version of Dutch, known as Flams. Other than the Dutch residents, other prominent cultures are the Moroccans, Spanish, French, and Germans. The Moroccans and Spanish workers migrated to Belgium during World War II and are mostly unskilled labourers.
Roman Catholicism is the main religion dominant in Antwerp and the small number of Protestant and Judaism followers. Most of today's population is non-religious.
The climate of Antwerp is nautical mainly due to its location near the sea and, therefore, very mild. Even during the summer tourist season, rain clouds hover around, and precipitation is high, notwithstanding which season it is.
July and August are the warmest months, along with the twist of highest rainfall during these months. But, precipitation levels are evenly distributed throughout the year. The most pleasant weather is during May and August, although April and September are also sunny enough. The average daily temperature in Antwerp is 3°C (37.4°F) in winter and 25°C (77°F) in summer, which forms decent weather.